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India
Cricket India Crest
Test status granted 1932
First Test match v England at Lord's, June 1932
Captain Mahendra Singh Dhoni
Coach Duncan Fletcher
Official ICC Test ranking 3rd
Official ICC ODI Ranking 1st
Test matches
- this year
399
7
Last Test match v England at Mumbai,
November 23-26
Wins/losses
- this year

3/5

The Indian cricket team is the national cricket team of India. Governed by the Board of Control for Cricket in India (BCCI), it is a full member of the International Cricket Council (ICC) with Test and One Day International (ODI) status.

The Indian cricket team is currently ranked third by the ICC in Tests, first in ODIs and sixth in T20s. On 2 April 2011, the team won the 2011 Cricket World Cup, its second after 1983. It thus became only the third team after West Indies and Australia to have won the World Cup more than once.

In both Tests and ODIs, win-loss ratio of recent years is much higher than that of older periods, when it was a weaker team. Currently Mahendra Singh Dhoni is the captain in all forms of the game while Duncan Fletcher is the coach. Under the leadership of Dhoni, the Indian team has set a national record for most back-to-back ODI wins (9 straight wins) and has emerged as one of the most formidable teams in international cricket.

Although cricket was introduced to India by European merchant sailors in the 18th-century and the first cricket club in India was established in Calcutta in 1792, India's national cricket team did not play their first Test match until 25 June 1932 at Lord's. In their first fifty years of international cricket, India proved weaker than Australia and England, winning only 35 of the 196 test matches. The team, however, gained strength near the end of the 1970s with the emergence of players such as Sunil Gavaskar, Kapil Dev and the Indian spin quartetErapalli Prasanna and Srinivas Venkataraghavan (both off spinners), Bhagwat Chandrasekhar (a leg spinner), and Bishen Singh Bedi (a left-arm spinner). Traditionally much stronger at home than abroad, the Indian team has improved its overseas form since the start of the 21st century. It won the Cricket World Cup in 1983 under Kapil Dev, was runners-up in 2003 under Sourav Ganguly, and won the World Cup a second time in 2011 under MS Dhoni. India have also been the Runners-up in 2000 ICC KnockOut Trophy, and the Joint Champions along with Sri Lanka in 2002 ICC Champions Trophy led by Sourav Ganguly in both the instances. India also won the inaugural World Twenty20 under Mahendra Singh Dhoni in 2007.

Governing bodyEdit

The Board of Control for Cricket in India (BCCI) is the governing body for the Indian cricket team and first class cricket in India. The Board has been operating since 1929 and represents India at the International Cricket Council. It is amongst the richest sporting organisations in the world, and it sold media rights for India's matches from 2006–2010 for US$ 612,000,000. It manages the Indian team's sponsorships, its future tours and team selection.

The International Cricket Council determines India's upcoming matches through its future tours program. However, the BCCI, with its influential financial position in the cricketing world, has often challenged the ICC's program and called for more tours between India, Australia, Pakistan and England which are more likely to earn more revenue as opposed to tours with Bangladesh or Zimbabwe. In the past, the BCCI has also come into conflict with the ICC regarding sponsorships and the legitimacy of the ICC Champions Trophy.

Selection CommitteeEdit

Selection for the Indian cricket team occurs through the BCCI's zonal selection policy, where each of the five zones is represented with one selector and one of the members nominated by BCCI as the Chairman of the Selection Committee. This has sometimes led to controversy as to whether these selectors are biased towards their zones.

The current chairman of Selection Committee is Krishnamachari Srikkanth. Yashpal Sharma, Narendra Hirwani, Surendra Bhave and Raja Venkat are the other members of the selection committee whose terms started in September 2008 with BCCI holding the rights for a one-year extension.

Tournament historyEdit

Template:Col-begin Template:Col-break

World Cup record
Year Round Position GP W L T NR
England 1975Round 16/831200
England 1979Round 17/830300
England 1983Champions1/886200
India,Pakistan 1987Third Place3/875200
AUS,NZL 1992Round 17/982501
IND,PAK,SRI 1996Third Place3/1274300
England 1999R2 (Super 6s)6/1284400
RSA 2003Runners-Up2/14119200
West Indies 2007Round 110/1631200
style="border: 3px solid red"IND,SRI,BGD 2011Champions1/1497110
AUS,NZL 2015-
England 2019-
Total12/122 titles67392611
World Twenty20 record
Year Round Position GP W L T NR
2007Champions1/1275101
2009Super 8s7/1252300
2010Super 8s8/1252300
2012Super 8s------
2014-------
Total5/51 title179701
Other Major Tournaments
ICC Champions Trophy Asia Cup
Defunct Tournaments
Commonwealth Games Asian Test Championship Australasia Cup

Cricket was played only at the 1998 Commonwealth Games.

Individual RecordsEdit

Sachin Tendulkar, who began playing for India as a 16-year-old in 1989 and has since become the most prolific run-scorer in the history of both Test and ODI cricket, is easily the batsman with the most national achievements. He holds the record of most appearances in both Tests and ODIs, most runs in both Tests and ODIs and most centuries in Tests and ODIs. The highest score by an Indian is the 319 scored by Virender Sehwag in Chennai. It is the second triple century in Test cricket by an Indian, the first being a 309 also made by Sehwag although against Pakistan. The team's highest ever score was a 726/9 against Sri Lanka at Brabourne Stadium, Mumbai in 2009, while its lowest was 42 against England in 1974. In ODIs, the team's highest is 413/5 against Bermuda in the 2007 Cricket World Cup. In the same match, India set a world record of the highest winning margin of 257 runs in an ODI match.

India also has had some very strong bowling figures, with spin bowler Anil Kumble being a member of the elite group of 3 bowlers who have taken 600 Test wickets. In 1999, Anil Kumble emulated Jim Laker to become the second bowler to take all ten wickets in a Test match innings when he took 10 wickets for 74 runs against Pakistan at the Feroz Shah Kotla in Delhi.

Many of the Indian cricket team's records are also world records, for example Sachin Tendulkar's century tally (in Tests and ODIs) and run tally (also in both Tests and ODIs). Mahendra Singh Dhoni's 183 not out against Sri Lanka in 2005 is the world record score by a wicketkeeper in ODIs. The Indian cricket team also holds the record sequence of 17 successful run-chases in ODIs, which ended in a dramatic match against the West Indies in May 2006, which India lost by just 1 run when Yuvraj Singh was bowled by Dwayne Bravo's full toss.

Team coloursEdit

Since colours have made their way in International Cricket, Indian National Cricket Team has chosen blue as their primary colour and have worn one or the other shade of blue. The blue colour of their uniform has also earned them the nickname of "Men in Blue". With the advent of the World Series Cup in the 1970s, each team was to don a primary and secondary colour on their uniforms. The Indian team elected to wear light-blue as their primary colour and yellow as their secondary colour. Even during the 1999 Cricket World Cup the secondary colour on the Indian cricket team's clothing has been yellow. However, this has since been removed and replaced with the tricolour. However, in the past the Indian ODI outfits were changed to different shades of blue, mostly darker than the current, and the team donned purple during 1992, and then the sky blue colour for the next decade. Indian team has got a new kit from 2009 which is feroza blue with India written on it in Orange. Currently, from October 2010, the team is once again using a light blue shade though not as light as the previous sky blue one, with India written in orange, and shades of the tri-colour at the sides. The kit sponsor for the Indian Cricket Team is Nike, which in 2005 bought the kit rights in a $27.2 million contract with BCCI.

Due to their love for blue color Nike with Board for Control of Cricket in India launched the mega campaign called "Bleed Blue" for the support of Indian team in ICC Cricket World Cup 2011 which turned out to be a huge success and people over the internet and places adopted this to cheer for India.

A new ultramarine blue colored jersey of the one-day cricket team was released on 20 October 2010, for the upcoming tours and ICC Cricket World Cup, the jersey has been designed by team's apparel and kit sponsor Nike. Previously, the Indian cricket team has worn a darker shade of blue and before that the team has worn sky blue. The vertical tri-colour band has been made on both sides in comparison to just one side in previous shirt. The name of sponsor Sahara has been removed from the chest as per ICC norms and is now on the left arm and on the right arm Nike logo is visible. The name and jersey number of the player is printed in orange at the back while on the chest the logo of BCCI is on the left side and the ICC Cricket World Cup 2011 logo in white can be seen on the right side. The one-day cap was also sky blue with the BCCI logo on the front.

When playing first-class cricket, in addition to their cricket whites, Indian fielders sometimes wear a sunhat, which is dark blue and has a wide brim, with the BCCI logo in the middle of the front of the hat. Helmets are coloured similarly. Some players sport the Indian flag on their helmet. The current kit sponsor for the Indian team is Nike.

Test cricket groundsEdit

There are numerous world-renowned cricket stadiums located in India. Most grounds are under the administration of various State Cricket Boards as opposed to being under the control of the BCCI. The Bombay Gymkhana was the first ground in India to host a full-scale cricket match featuring an Indian cricket team. This was between the Parsis and the Europeans in 1877. The first stadium to host a Test match in India was also the Bombay Gymkhana Ground in Bombay in 1933, the only Test it ever hosted. The second and third Tests in the 1933 series were hosted at Eden Gardens and Chepauk. The Feroz Shah Kotla in Delhi was the first stadium to host a Test match after independence, a draw against the West Indies in 1948, the first of a 5-Test series. Nineteen stadiums in India have hosted official Test matches. In recent years, there has been an increase in the number of world-class cricket stadiums in India, with multiple Test venues in Lucknow, Chandigarh, Chennai and Mumbai.

Eden Gardens in Kolkata has hosted the most Tests, and also has the largest capacity of any cricket stadium in the world, being capable of holding more than 90,000 spectators. Founded in 1864, it is one of the most historical stadiums in India, having hosted numerous controversial and historical matches. Other major stadiums in India include the Feroz Shah Kotla, which was established in 1883 and hosted memorable matches including Anil Kumble's ten wickets in an innings haul against Pakistan. For the last two years, the ground has been undergoing renovation.

The Bombay Gymkhana hosted the first ever test match in India, the only test it has hosted to date. Wankhede Stadium, established in 1974 it has a capacity to hold 33,000 spectators is currently the most popluar venue in the city. It has hosted 21 Test matches. It was the unofficial successor of the Brabourne Stadium, which is also located in Mumbai. Mumbai is often considered the cricketing capital of India because of its fans and the talent it produces (see Mumbai cricket team) and thus the stadium regularly hosts major Test matches. The M. A. Chidambaram Stadium in Chepauk is also considered to be an important historical Indian cricket ground, established in the early 1900s it was the site of India's first Test victory. Similarly, the Barabati Stadium, Gandhi Stadium, K. D. Singh Babu Stadium, Lal Bahadur Shastri Stadium, Nehru Stadium, Sector 16 Stadium and University Ground have not hosted a Test match in the last 10 years.

Stadium City Test matches
Eden Gardens Kolkata 37
Feroz Shah Kotla Delhi 29
M. A. Chidambaram Stadium Chepauk, Chennai 28
Wankhede Stadium Mumbai 21
Green Park Kanpur 19
Brabourne Stadium Mumbai 18
M. Chinnaswamy Stadium Bangalore 17
Sardar Patel Stadium (Gujarat) Motera, Ahmedabad 10
Nehru Stadium Chennai 9
Vidarbha C.A. Stadium Nagpur 9
Punjab Cricket Association Stadium Mohali, Punjab 7
Lal Bahadur Shastri Stadium Hyderabad 3
Barabati Stadium Cuttack 2
Bombay Gymkhana Mumbai 1
Gandhi Stadium Jalandhar, (Punjab) 1
K. D. Singh Babu Stadium Lucknow 1
Sawai Mansingh Stadium Jaipur 1
Sector 16 Stadium Chandigarh, (Punjab) 1
University Ground Lucknow 1
Rajiv Gandhi Stadium Hyderabad 1

PersonnelEdit

This lists all the players who have played for India in the past year, and the forms in which they have played. The BCCI awards central contracts to its players, its pay graded according to the importance of the player. Correct as of 1 February 2012.

Key

  • C/G = Contract grade
  • S/N = Shirt number
Name Age Batting Style Bowling Style Domestic team Zone C/G Forms S/N IPL Team
Captain and wicket keeper
Mahendra Singh Dhoni 35 Right Hand Bat Right Medium Jharkhand East A Test, ODI, Twenty20 7 Chennai Super Kings
Vice Captain and Opening batsman
Virender Sehwag 38 Right Hand Bat Off Break Delhi North A Test, ODI, Twenty20 N/A[1] Delhi Daredevils
Opening batsmen
Shikhar Dhawan 31 Left Hand Bat Delhi North C ODI, Twenty20 16 Deccan Chargers
Gautam Gambhir 35 Left Hand Bat Leg Break Delhi North A Test, ODI, Twenty20 5 Kolkata Knight Riders
Abhinav Mukund 27 Left Hand Bat Leg Break Tamil Nadu South C Test Chennai Super Kings
Ajinkya Rahane 29 Right Hand Bat Right Medium Mumbai West C ODI, Twenty20 37 Rajasthan Royals
Robin Uthappa 31 Right Hand Bat Right Medium Karnataka South Twenty20 17 Pune Warriors
Murali Vijay 33 Right Hand Bat Off Break Tamil Nadu South C Test, ODI 1 Chennai Super Kings
Middle-order batsmen
Subramaniam Badrinath 36 Right Hand Bat Off Break Tamil Nadu South C ODI, Twenty20 33 Chennai Super Kings
Rahul Dravid 44 Right Hand Bat Off Break Karnataka South A Test, ODI, Twenty20 19 Rajasthan Royals
Virat Kohli 28 Right Hand Bat Right Medium Delhi North A Test, ODI, Twenty20 18 Royal Challengers Bangalore
V. V. S. Laxman 42 Right Hand Bat Off Break Hyderabad South A Test 22 -
Suresh Raina 30 Left Hand Bat Off Break Uttar Pradesh Central A Test, ODI, Twenty20 48 Chennai Super Kings
Rohit Sharma 30 Right Hand Bat Off Break Mumbai West B ODI, Twenty20 45 Mumbai Indians
Sachin Tendulkar 44 Right Hand Bat Leg Break/Off Break Mumbai West A Test, ODI 10 Mumbai Indians
Manoj Tiwary 31 Right Hand Bat Leg Break Bengal East C ODI, Twenty20 9 Kolkata Knight Riders
Wicket-keepers
Parthiv Patel 32 Left Hand Bat Gujarat West C ODI, Twenty20 42 Deccan Chargers
Wriddhiman Saha 32 Right Hand Bat Bengal East C Test 6 Chennai Super Kings
All-rounders
Ravindra Jadeja 28 Left Hand Bat Slow Left Arm Saurashtra West B ODI, Twenty20 88 Chennai Super Kings
Irfan Pathan 32 Left Hand Bat Left Medium Fast Baroda West ODI 56 Delhi Daredevils
Yusuf Pathan 34 Right Hand Bat Off Break Baroda West ODI, Twenty20 27 Kolkata Knight Riders
Yuvraj Singh 35 Left Hand Bat Slow Left Arm Punjab North A Test, ODI 12 Pune Warriors
Pace bowlers
Varun Aaron 27 Right Hand Bat Right Fast Jharkhand East C Test, ODI 77 Delhi Daredevils
Zaheer Khan 38 Right Hand Bat Left Fast Medium Mumbai West A Test, ODI 34 Royal Challengers Bangalore
Praveen Kumar 30 Right Hand Bat Right Medium Fast Uttar Pradesh Central B Test, ODI, Twenty20 8 Kings XI Punjab
Vinay Kumar 33 Right Hand Bat Right Fast Medium Karnataka South C Test, ODI, Twenty20 23 Royal Challengers Bangalore
Abhimanyu Mithun 27 Right Hand Bat Right Fast Medium Karnataka South C Test, ODI 25 Royal Challengers Bangalore
Ashish Nehra 38 Right Hand Bat Left Fast Medium Delhi North ODI 64 Pune Warriors
Munaf Patel 33 Right Hand Bat Right Medium Fast Maharashtra West C Test, ODI, Twenty20 13 Mumbai Indians
Ishant Sharma 28 Right Hand Bat Right Fast Delhi North A Test, ODI 29 Deccan Chargers
Rudra Pratap Singh 31 Right Hand Bat Left Fast Medium Uttar Pradesh Central Test, ODI 9 Mumbai Indians
S Sreesanth 34 Right Hand Bat Right Fast Medium Kerala South C Test, ODI 36 Rajasthan Royals
Umesh Yadav 29 Right Hand Bat Right Fast Vidarbha Central C Test, ODI 50 Delhi Daredevils
Spin bowlers
Ravichandran Ashwin 30 Right Hand Bat Off Break Tamil Nadu South B Test, ODI, Twenty20 99 Chennai Super Kings
Piyush Chawla 28 Left Hand Bat Leg Break Uttar Pradesh Central C ODI 24 Kings XI Punjab
Amit Mishra 34 Right Hand Bat Leg Break Haryana North C Test, ODI 99 Deccan Chargers
Pragyan Ojha 30 Left Hand Bat Slow Left Arm Hyderabad South B Test 30 Mumbai Indians
Rahul Sharma 30 Right Hand Bat Leg Break Punjab North ODI, Twenty20 13 Pune Warriors
Harbhajan Singh 36 Right Hand Bat Off Break Punjab North A Test, ODI, Twenty20 3 Mumbai Indians

Players' salaries are as follows:

Coaching staffEdit

  • Head coach: Duncan Fletcher
  • Mental conditioning coach: Vacant
  • Fitness trainer: Ramji Srinivasan
  • Physiotherapist: Nitin Patel
  • Masseur: Ramesh Mane
  • Performance analyst: C.K.M. Dhananjai
  • Bowling consultant: Eric Simons

StatisticsEdit

Template:Col-begin Template:Col-break

International Match Summary - India[2]

Last updated 12 February 2012.
Playing Record
Format M W L T D/NR Inaugural Match
Test Matches 462 112 147 1 202 25 June 1932
One-Day Internationals 796 394 362 5 35 13 July 1974
Twenty20 Internationals 33 17 14 1 1 1 December 2006


Test MatchesEdit

Test record versus other nations[3]

vs Test nations
Opponent M W L T D W/L Ratio
v Flag of Australia Australia 82 20 38 1 23 0.52
v Flag of Bangladesh Bangladesh 7 6 0 0 1 -
v Flag of England England 103 19 38 0 46 0.50
v Flag of New Zealand New Zealand 50 16 9 0 25 1.77
v Flag of Pakistan Pakistan 59 9 12 0 38 0.75
v Flag of South Africa South Africa 27 7 12 0 8 0.58
v Flag of Sri Lanka Sri Lanka 35 14 6 0 15 2.33
v West indies cricket board flag West Indies 88 14 30 0 44 0.46
v Flag of Zimbabwe Zimbabwe 11 7 2 0 2 3.50

Template:Col-begin Template:Col-break

Most Test runs for India[4]

PlayerRunsAverage
Sachin Tendulkar 15,470 55.44
Rahul Dravid 13,288 52.31
Sunil Gavaskar 10,122 51.12
V. V. S. Laxman 8,781 45.97
Virender Sehwag 8,178 50.79
Sourav Ganguly 7,212 42.17
Dilip Vengsarkar 6,868 42.13
Mohammad Azharuddin 6,215 45.03
Gundappa Vishwanath 6,080 41.93
Kapil Dev 5,248 31.05

Template:Col-break

Most Test wickets for India[5]

PlayerWicketsAverage
Anil Kumble 619 29.65
Kapil Dev 434 29.64
Harbhajan Singh 406 32.22
Zaheer Khan 288 31.78
Bishen Singh Bedi 266 28.71
Bhagwat Chandrasekhar 242 29.74
Javagal Srinath 236 30.49
Erapalli Prasanna 189 30.38
Vinoo Mankad 162 32.32
S. Venkataraghavan 156 36.11

Template:Col-end

One-Day InternationalsEdit

ODI record versus other nations[6]

vs Test nations
Opponent M W L T NR Win %
v Flag of Australia Australia 107 37 62 0 8 37.37
v Flag of Bangladesh Bangladesh 23 21 2 0 0 91.30
v Flag of England England 81 43 33 2 3 56.41
v Flag of New Zealand New Zealand 88 46 37 0 5 55.42
v Flag of Pakistan Pakistan 120 47 69 0 4 40.51
v Flag of South Africa South Africa 66 24 40 0 2 37.50
v Flag of Sri Lanka Sri Lanka 130 69 50 0 11 57.98
v West indies cricket board flag West Indies 106 46 57 1 2 44.71
v Flag of Zimbabwe Zimbabwe 51 39 10 2 0 78.43
v {Associate Members} 24 22 2 0 0 91.66

Template:Col-begin Template:Col-break

Most ODI runs for India[7]

PlayerRunsAverage
Sachin Tendulkar 18,161 45.06
Sourav Ganguly 11,363 41.02
Rahul Dravid 10,889 39.16
Mohammad Azharuddin 9,378 36.92
Virender Sehwag 8,055 35.48
Yuvraj Singh 8,051 37.62
M. S. Dhoni 6,574 50.96
Ajay Jadeja 5,359 37.47
Gautam Gambhir 4,497 40.51
Navjot Sidhu 4,413 37.08

Template:Col-break

Most ODI wickets for India[8]

PlayerWicketsAverage
Anil Kumble 337 30.89
Javagal Srinath 315 28.08
Ajit Agarkar 288 27.85
Zaheer Khan 276 28.85
Harbhajan Singh 259 33.40
Kapil Dev 253 27.45
Venkatesh Prasad 196 32.30
Manoj Prabhakar 157 28.87
Ashish Nehra 157 31.72
Irfan Pathan 154 29.79

Template:Col-end

Twenty20 InternationalsEdit

T20I record versus other nations[9]

vs Test nations
Opponent M W L T NR Win %
v Flag of Australia Australia 6 3 3 0 0 50
v Flag of Bangladesh Bangladesh 1 1 0 0 0 100
v Flag of England England 4 1 3 0 0 25
v Flag of New Zealand New Zealand 3 0 3 0 0 0
v Flag of Pakistan Pakistan 2 1 0 1 0 75
v Flag of South Africa South Africa 5 4 1 0 0 80
v Flag of Sri Lanka Sri Lanka 4 2 2 0 0 50
v West indies cricket board flag West Indies 3 1 2 0 0 33.3
v Flag of Zimbabwe Zimbabwe 2 2 0 0 0 100
v {Associate Members} 3 2 0 0 1 100

Template:Col-begin Template:Col-break

Most T20I runs for India[10]

PlayerRunsAverage
Gautam Gambhir 697 30.30
Suresh Raina 597 31.42
Yuvraj Singh 567 31.50
M. S. Dhoni 549 28.89
Rohit Sharma 415 29.64

Template:Col-break

Most T20I wickets for India[11]

PlayerWicketsAverage
Harbhajan Singh 18 30.05
Irfan Pathan 16 24.68
R. P. Singh 15 15.00
Ashish Nehra 13 21.07
Zaheer Khan 13 25.15

Template:Col-end

|}

CaptainsEdit

Twenty-eight men have captained the Indian cricket team in at least 1 Test match, although only 6 have led the team in more than 25 matches, and 5 have captained the team in ODIs but not Tests. India's first captain was CK Nayudu, who led the team in four matches against England, one in England in 1932 and a series of 3 matches at home in 1933/4. Lala Amarnath, India's fourth captain, led the team in its first Test match after Indian independence. He also captained the side to its first Test victory and first series win, both in a 3-match series at home against Pakistan in 1952/3. The Nawab of Pataudi was captain for 36 matches from 1961/2 to 1969/70, returning for a final 4 matches against West Indies in 1974/5.

India played its first ODI in 1974, under the captaincy of Ajit Wadekar. India won its first ODI under the captaincy of Srinivasaraghavan Venkataraghavan in the 1975 Cricket World Cup, against East Africa.

Sunil Gavaskar took over as Test and ODI captain in the late 1979s and early 1980s, leading India in 47 Test matches and 38 ODIs, winning 9 Tests and 14 ODIs. He was succeeded by Kapil Dev in the 1980s, who continued for 34 Test matches, including 4 victories. Kapil Dev led India to victory in 40 of his 74 ODIs in charge, including the 1983 Cricket World Cup.

Dilip Vengsarkar took over the captaincy from Kapil Dev after the 1987 Cricket World Cup. Although he started with two centuries in his first series as captain, his captaincy period was turbulent and he lost the job following a disastrous tour of the West Indies in early 1989 and a stand-off with the Indian cricket board (BCCI).

Krishnamachari Srikkanth was made the captain of the Indian team in 1989.He was the captain of the team for India's tour of Pakistan in 1989 and managed to draw all the four Tests of the series. Because of his batting failures in the series,the selectors dropped him and made Mohammad Azharuddin captain of the Indian team.

India has had six regular Test captains since Mohammad Azharuddin took charge in 1989. Azharuddin led the team in 47 Test matches from 1989/90 to 1998/9, winning 14, and in 173 ODIs, winning 89. He was followed by Sachin Tendulkar, who captained India in 25 Test matches and 73 ODIs in the late 1990s; Tendulkar was relatively unsuccessful as a captain, winning only 4 Test matches and 23 ODIs. He was replaced as ODI captain by Ajay Jadeja and then Sourav Ganguly.

Ganguly became the regular captain in both forms of cricket in 2000. Ganguly remained captain for the first 5 years of the 2000s and was the most successful captain, winning 21 of his 49 Test matches in charge and 73 of his 141 ODIs. He even lead India to the final of the ICC Cricket World Cup in 2003. Rahul Dravid took over as Test captain in 2005. In his fourth full series in charge, he led India to victory in the West Indies, the first instance of India winning in the Caribbean in over 30 years. In September 2007, Mahendra Singh Dhoni was named as the new captain of the Twenty20 and ODI team after Dravid stepped down from the post. Anil Kumble was appointed Test captain in November 2007, but retired from international cricket in November 2008 after the 3rd Test between India and Australia. Dhoni succeeded him as the test captain, making him the official captain in all forms of cricket.

Fan followingEdit

Cricket is the de facto national sport of India and has a very wide following among the population of India. As a result, stadiums are generally filled to capacity at ODI and 20/20 matches on home soil, however, Tests are poorly attended in some cities. Due to large Indian diaspora in nations like Australia, South Africa, and England, a large Indian fan turnout is expected whenever India plays in each of these nations.

There have been a number of official fan groups that have been formed over the years, including the Swami Army or Bharat Army, the Indian equivalent of the Barmy Army, that were very active in their support when India toured Australia in 2003/2004. They are known to attribute a number of popular Indian songs to the cricket team.

Fan rivalry and cross-border tension has created a strong rivalry between the Indian cricket team and the Pakistani cricket team. In tours between these two nations, cricket visas are often employed to accommodate for the tens of thousands of fans wishing to cross the border to watch cricket. This intense fan dedication is one of the major causes of the Indian Cricket Board's (BCCI) financial success.

However, there are downsides to having such a cricket-loving population. Many Indians hold cricket very close to their hearts and losses are not received well by the Indian population. In some cases, particularly after losses to Pakistan or after a long string of weak performances, there have been reports of player effigies being burnt in the streets and vandalism of player homes. In many cases, players have come under intense attention from the media for negative reasons, this has been considered as one of the reasons for Sourav Ganguly being left out of the Indian team. At times, when a match is surrounded by controversy, it has resulted in a debacle. For example, when India slid to defeat against Australia at Brabourne Stadium in 1969, fans began throwing stones and bottles onto the field as well as setting fire to the stands, before laying siege to the Australian dressing rooms. During the same tour, a stampede occurred at Eden Gardens when tickets were oversold and India fell to another loss; the Australian team bus was later stoned with bricks. A similar event occurred during the 1996 Cricket World Cup, where India were losing the semi-final to Sri Lanka at Eden Gardens. In this case, the fan behaviour was directed at the Indian team in disappointment at their lacklustre performance. An armed guard had to be placed at the home of captain Mohammad Azharuddin to ensure his safety. Indian fans have also been passionate in their following of Sachin Tendulkar, who has been commonly thought of as one of the best batsmen in the world. Glorified for the bulk of his career, a riot occurred in early 1999 in a Test against Pakistan at Eden Gardens after a collision with Pakistani paceman Shoaib Akhtar saw him run out, forcing police to eject spectators and the game to be played in an empty stadium. Although in 2006, a string of low scores resulted in Tendulkar being booed by the Mumbai crowd when he got out against England.

Often, fans engage in protests regarding players if they believe that regionalism has affected selection, or because of regional partisan support for local players. In 2005, when Sourav Ganguly was dropped due to lack of form, Ganguly's home state of West Bengal erupted in protests.[12] India later played a match against South Africa in Kolkata, West Bengal. The Indian team was booed by the Bengali crowd who supported South Africa instead of India in response to Ganguly's dropping. Similar regional divisions in India regarding selection have also caused protests against the team, with political activists from the regional Kalinga Kamgar Sena party in Orissa disrupting the arrival of the team in Cuttack for an ODI over the lack of a local player in the team, with one activist manhandling coach Greg Chappell. Similar treatment was handed to India's Marathi captain Sunil Gavaskar in the 1980s by Bengali crowds, with consecutive Tests in Calcutta requiring police intervention due to crowd rioting.

However, it should be noted that a successful string of results, victories against arch-rivals Pakistan or victory in major tournaments such as the World Cup are greeted with particular ecstasy from the Indian fans.

Indian women's cricket teamEdit

File:Snehal Pradhan (10 March 2009, Sydney) 2.jpg


The Indian women's cricket team has a much lower profile than the men's team. For all national women's cricket teams, the female players are paid much less their male counterparts, and the women's teams do not receive as much popular support or recognition as the men's team. The women's teams also have a less packed schedule compared to men's teams and play fewer matches. The Indian women's cricket team played its first Test match in 1976/7, when they drew with the West Indies in a six-match series.

The Women's Cricket World Cup was held in India in 1978 and featured 4 teams. Despite this, India failed to win either of their two matches. Their next appearance in the Test and ODI circuit was against Australia in 1984, in which the Test series was tied but the ODI series was lost in a humiliating whitewash.

The Indian women's cricket team has since picked up some form, reaching the finals in the last World Cup, but then losing to Australia. The Women's Asia Cup of 2005–06 was won by India, who beat Sri Lanka in the final. They also beat the West Indies in the 2004–05 season, winning the 5 ODI series 5–0. This year the Indian women's team lost to English women's team 4–0 in an ODI Series but beat them in the Twenty20 International and 1–0 in the Test series.

See alsoEdit


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